While a kayak’s width is widely thought to affect stability, there’s more than meets the eye!
In fact, the width has little to do with stability – all the credit should actually go to the shape of the hull!
If anything, if the kayak is too wide, it might prove difficult and clumsy to paddle. So, if you were considering going for the widest yak available, hold that thought for a moment.
Key Factors Affecting Kayak Stability
Kayak Stability comes about as a combination of the hull shape, volume, width, length. We’d say the hull accounts for about 70% of stability while the remaining 30% is shared between volume and width.
Hulls are designed differently so as to serve various purposes. A hull’s shape plays a significant role in the stability of a kayak.
Even if you go for the widest kayak available but one with a V-shaped hull, you’d still struggle to paddle it smoothly.
Rounded hulls are much more stable than V-shaped ones (if you’ve been wondering which kayak is most stable). But if you want the best experience, you want to shoot for a flat hull.
At this point, we’d also like to note that V-shaped hulls are preferred for speed. So, if you’re an experienced angler looking for speedier watercraft you might want to consider going the V way.
The volume of a kayak simply refers to the amount of water it is capable of displacing before it can fill up. Your weight and the relative volume of your kayak can always determine how stable you will be.
That’s why it is extremely important to ensure that everything is proportionate before you head out to the waters.
Although the relevance of width to kayak stability is still a matter of discussion, width affects stability in one or another.
A wider boat is more stable than the narrower one (assume they both have a similar hull design).
The length of a kayak has little to do with stability. However, it still does matter when it comes to making the final choice.
For instance, short kayaks are widely recommended for freshwater lakes, rivers, and creeks. That’s because they track quite well and are generally easy to maneuver.
This ease of maneuvering makes them feel more stable also.
Conversely, kayaks with long hulls are meant to long distance paddling. They tend to move through sloppy waters with ease.
They, however, are a bit difficult to maneuver and may feel less stable than their shorter counterparts.
Why the HULL Stability Is Kind of a Big Deal
Now that we have agreed that the design of the hull is the key determinant of stability in kayaking, it’s time to understand the different types of hulls available (in detail).
We’ve mentioned a bit about them in the earlier paragraphs of this article but we feel that it’s important we elaborate them for you.
These are hulls with a flat and wide bottom. This design enables great initial stability in flat waters but becomes unstable when the kayak enters into very choppy waters.
Other distinctive factors like the width, length, and curvature of flat hulls make them more stable and easy to maneuver.
The great starting stability of kayaks with this hull design makes them a possible fit for beginners.
These hulls are distinctly designed with rounded edges which enables them to resist water more. This explains their increased speed.
Kayaks featuring rounded hulls are more maneuverable and have more secondary stability than the initial stability.
Therefore, you should be cautious when loading, boarding or exiting a rounded bottom kayak because it tends to roll off easily.
Just as the name suggests, these hulls feature a v-shaped bottom. Water vessels with this hull design cut through water easily and track superbly well in straight lines.
These hulls have great secondary kayak stability but are less stable when used in flat waters.
On the contrary, their high tracking ability or speed are compromised by their minimum stability and maneuverability.
Talking of improved stability, pontoon hulls are a combination of a rounded hull’s secondary stability and the flat hull’s primary stability. This provides the perfect performance you won’t find in any other hull design.
These hulls are not only known for their excellent tracking but also outstanding speed.
Primary vs Secondary Stability
We have been mentioning words like “secondary stability” and “primary stability” throughout this article. May be you’re wondering, “What on earth are those?”
Refers to the preliminary stability you will feel as a paddler immediately your kayak enters into flat waters. Primary stability allows you to stay in line with the wave’s surface.
This is the kayak’s capability to stay stable when raged by strong currents. Secondary stability enables you to roll a tipped off kayak back upright without any difficulty.
Kayak Stability: Additional Tips
Kayaks with secondary stability work well in rough waters but will feel tippy when used on flat waters.
Equally, kayaks that perform best in flat waters find it hard to keep up with the raging currents of seas and oceans.
To counter this imbalance, most kayak manufacturers are making kayaks that have the capability of handling both the primary and secondary stabilities.
The combination of all the above hull designs results in a multi-chined hull.
Yaks with such hulls tend to excel on both calm water bodies as well as rough conditions.
When deciding on which kayak to buy, make your choice carefully. Most experienced kayakers will tell you that more than 90% of control lies in the body of the kayak and not to you the user.
This is why the shape of the hull needs to be your first priority.
If you’re an experienced angler with the desire to cover longer distances faster, consider going for the V-shaped hulls.
Looking for safety and stability? The flat hull would be a good bet especially on most lakes. But if looking for a “jack of all trades” a pontoon hull would be a sure bet.